Where are Rolex Watches Made? A Look at the Origins of the World’s Most Iconic Timepieces

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where are rolex watches made

Rolex is a status symbol, one of the world’s most prestigious and renowned watch brands. Rolex watches are known for their quality, durability, accuracy, and luxury. 

Many people wonder where Rolex watches are made and how they are manufactured. This article will explore the locations, processes, materials, and tests that go into making a Rolex watch. 

Where Are Rolex Watches Made?

  • Every Rolex watch is created, manufactured, assembled, and tested exclusively in Switzerland.
  • The manufacturing process of a Rolex watch is a combination of traditional watchmaking techniques and state-of-the-art technology.
  • Rolex uses high-quality materials and its own in-house developed lubricants and oils to ensure the longevity and accuracy of its watches.

Rolex Production Locations

Rolex has four main production sites in Switzerland, where it makes all the components of its watches. These sites are in Les Acacias, Plan-Les-Ouates, Chêne-Bourg, and Bienne.

Les Acacias, Switzerland

Les Acacias, Switzerland, is the home of Rolex’s international headquarters, where management, research, development, design, communication, and after-sales service are based. It is also where the final assembly of the watches and quality control and certification occur. Rolex’s commitment to quality is evident in the attention to detail paid to every aspect of the production process, which includes employing skilled watchmakers who assemble each watch by hand, ensuring every component fits perfectly and functions flawlessly.

Bienne, Switzerland

Bienne is the largest and oldest Rolex production site, dating back to 1919. Over 2,000 employees work on creating the Rolex movements from hundreds of tiny parts crafted, assembled, and tested with precision and accuracy. The watchmaking process at Bienne is a sight to behold, with skilled craftsmen working tirelessly to create the intricate components that make up each watch. In addition to creating the movements, this site is responsible for testing and regulating each watch, ensuring that Rolex’s reputation for creating beautiful and highly functional watches remains intact.

Plan-Les-Ouates, Switzerland

Plan-Les-Ouates is a town near Geneva, Switzerland, home to one of the most important facilities in the Rolex production process. With a 66,000-square-meter facility and over 1,000 employees, Plan-Les-Ouates is where the metals used to make the cases and bracelets are melted, cast, shaped, polished, and finished with the utmost care and quality. The foundry is a highly specialized facility where gold is melted down and turned into the alloys used in Rolex watches.

Chene-Bourg, Switzerland

The Chene-Bourg facility in Switzerland is where all the activities related to the development and production of the dial occur, including producing flawless gemstones and gem-setting and producing Cerachrom bezels and bezel inserts in high-tech ceramic. The facility employs over 800 people and is responsible for hand-crafting all gem-set Rolex watches. The dials and hands of the watches are made from various materials. They are painted, engraved, set, and fitted with the utmost skill and creativity to ensure that each watch is of the highest quality.

The Rolex Manufacturing Process

Have you ever wondered how Rolex watches are made? Rolex has a vertically integrated manufacturing process, making almost all the parts of its watches in-house. This gives Rolex a high degree of control and independence over the quality and innovation of its products.

The Rolex manufacturing process consists of several stages, such as:


Rolex has a team of designers who create the aesthetic and functional aspects of the watches. The designers use computer-aided design (CAD) software to create 3D models and prototypes of the watches. They also collaborate with the engineers and the craftsmen to ensure the feasibility and quality of the designs.


Rolex has a team of engineers who develop the technical and mechanical aspects of the watches. The engineers use computer-aided engineering (CAE) software to simulate and test the performance and reliability of the watches. They also collaborate with the designers and the craftsmen to ensure the functionality and durability of the watches.


Rolex has a team of craftsmen who produce the physical and artistic aspects of the watches. The craftsmen use various tools and machines to cut, shape, polish, and finish the parts of the watches. They also use different techniques and skills to decorate, set, and fit the parts of the watches.


Rolex has a team of assemblers who put together the parts of the watches. The assemblers use various tools and machines to mount, screw, and seal the parts of the watches. They also use different tools and machines to adjust, regulate, and calibrate the parts of the watches.

Quality Control

Rolex has a quality control team that checks the parts and the watches. The quality controllers use various tools and machines to measure, test, and certify the parts and the watches. They also use different tools and machines to clean, protect, and pack the parts and the watches.

During the manufacturing process, Rolex uses various cutting-edge technologies and techniques to ensure the quality and precision of its watches. For example, Rolex uses paraflex shock absorbers to protect the movement from shocks and vibrations. Rolex also uses a unique lubrication process to reduce friction and ensure smooth operation.

Once the watches are assembled, they go through a final quality control process to ensure they meet Rolex’s strict standards for accuracy and reliability. Rolex tests its watches for water resistance, self-winding, and power reserve. Rolex also sends its watches to the Swiss Official Chronometer Testing Institute (COSC) for chronometer certification.

The Materials Used in the Watchmaking Process of The Rolex

Regarding materials, Rolex uses only the finest and most durable metals, ceramics, and gemstones in the watchmaking process. Let’s take a closer look at the materials used in producing Rolex watches.


Rolex uses metals such as steel and gold for their watch cases and bracelets. Rolex’s steel is a type called 904L, which is more resistant to corrosion and scratches than the usual 316L steel used by other watchmakers. Rolex is one of the few watchmakers that can work with this steel, as it requires special equipment and skills.

Rolex uses different types of gold, such as 18-karat yellow gold, 18-karat white gold, and a patented rose gold called Everose gold. Rolex also uses 950 platinum for some of its watches. The combination of steel and gold used in some watches, such as the Datejust and Rolex Submariner, is called Rolesor. This fusion of the two metals gives the watches a contrast and a balance of strength and elegance.


Rolex uses a patented type of ceramic called cerachrom for the bezels of some of its watches, such as the GMT-Master II and the Daytona. Cerachrom is extremely hard, scratch-resistant, corrosion-resistant, and fade-resistant. Rolex makes its own cerachrom in-house, using a complex and precise process that involves molding, firing, coloring, and diamond-polishing the ceramic.


Rolex uses gemstones for some of its watches’ dials, bezels, and bracelets, such as diamonds, sapphires, rubies, emeralds, and mother-of-pearl. Rolex selects only the finest and most flawless gemstones and sets them by hand with the utmost care and skill. Rolex has its own gemological laboratory, where it tests and certifies the quality and authenticity of the gemstones. Rolex also has goldsmiths who craft and polish the gemstone’s gold settings.

What to do Next?

For further reading, check out our guide on why are Rolex so expensive.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the origin of Rolex watches?

Rolex is a Swiss luxury watchmaker founded in 1905 by Hans Wilsdorf and Alfred Davis. The company was initially called Wilsdorf and Davis, and it was not until 1908 that it was named Rolex.

Where are Rolex watches manufactured?

Rolex watches are manufactured in Switzerland at four locations: Les Acacias, Plan-Les-Ouates, Chêne-Bourg, and Bienne (where the inner workings of a Rolex watch are produced).

What is the significance of Swiss-made Rolex watches?

Swiss-made Rolex watches are known for their precision, durability, and quality. The Swiss Made label is a mark of excellence that is recognized worldwide. It means that the watch was made in Switzerland and meets the high standards of quality and craftsmanship set by the Swiss watch industry.

Are there any Rolex watches made in China?

No, Rolex watches are not made in China. All Rolex watches are manufactured in Switzerland.

Is it cheaper to buy a Rolex in Switzerland?

It is not necessarily cheaper to buy a Rolex in Switzerland. The price of a Rolex watch is determined by various factors, including the model, materials used, and demand. Prices can vary from country to country due to currency exchange rates and local taxes.

Why are Rolex watches so expensive?

Rolex watches are expensive due to their high-quality materials and manufacturing processes. The brand uses only the finest materials, such as 18-karat gold, and produces most components in-house. Rolex watches are known for their precision and durability, which adds to their value. The company also invests heavily in research and development to continually improve its products.

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I am the founder and chief editor of HappyWatchesNow.com. I aim to inform and help individuals to make informed choices when buying their watches. I want HappyWatchesNow to become a beacon of trust and authenticity in a world clouded by biases and commercial agendas.